The information provided on the Website is for general information purposes only and is not an alternative to legal advice from your lawyer. We may receive commissions from our partners when you click on some of the links. Learn More
North Dakota is a constitutional carry state with permission to possess firearms if you meet the requirements provided.
However, the state has location restrictions for the use of firearms in some areas.
To open carry in North Dakota, you must learn about the state gun statutes.
North Dakota issues concealed weapon licenses for the possession of firearms in the state.
The state attorney general is in charge of all permit applications in the state, and it has a shall-issue policy.
North Dakota issues both class one and class two licenses. If you have any of this, you will not have to undergo a criminal record background check before purchasing a firearm in the state.
The age requirement to apply for a class one permit is twenty-one years old, while a class two permit is nineteen years old.
Yes. You can open carry in North Dakota if you are eighteen years old or more, and you do not have any state restriction to possess a firearm.
North Dakota is a licensed open carry state, and you need a permit to open carry within its jurisdiction.
However, you can open carry one hour before sunrise and one hour after sunset without a permit.
The state prohibits machine guns and semi-automatic firearms, as well as devices like silencers.
It is a felony act to possess, buy, or sell any of these in the state.
|State permit for open carry.||Yes||Yes||You must obtain a North Dakota concealed weapon license before you open carry in the state.|
|Firearm registrations for open carry.||No||No||There is no state requirement for registration of firearms meant to be openly carried.|
|Assault weapon for open carry.||No||No||North Dakota prohibits the use of assault weapons such as machine guns and semi-automatic firearms.|
|Magazine limit||No||No||There is no limit for the number of rounds in a magazine.|
|License for the owner of a firearm.||Not required||Not required||North Dakota does not issue any other license apart from that concealed weapon license.|
|Red flag law||No||No||North Dakota gun statutes do not have red flag laws.|
|Castle doctrine law||Yes||Yes||North Dakota has a castle doctrine policy with no duty to retreat in homes, workplaces, and personal vehicles.|
|Background check for private dealers||No||No||The state does not mandate criminal record background checks for private sellers of firearms.|
|Preemption||Yes||Yes||North Dakota is a preemption law state with the state government having the authority to regulate firearm usage even in local territories.|
|Concealed carry permit.||Yes||Yes||You can conceal carry with either the state class one or class two concealed weapon licenses|
|Concealed carry in personal vehicle||Yes||Yes||You can conceal carry in your vehicle as long as you are with your concealed weapon license.|
|Open carry in Schools||No||No||North Dakota prohibits the possession of firearms or any other weapons in schools, colleges, universities, etc.|
Open carry in North Dakota is legal in the following areas:
North Dakota prohibits the open carry of firearms in the following parts of the state:
Some of North Dakota open carry most frequently asked questions include the following:
Yes. Open carry in North Dakota is only valid with a class two concealed weapon license issued in the state.
However, people without a permit can open carry an hour before sunsets and an hour before sunrise.
Yes. To conceal carry, you must apply for either North Dakota class one or class two concealed weapon licenses.
No. Open carry and concealed carry in North Dakota is only possible with either of the state’s concealed weapon licenses.
You must be an adult before you can open carry in North Dakota. The minimum age requirement for this is eighteen-year-old.
In North Dakota, you can begin to conceal carry from the age of eighteen years old.
To apply for the state’s class one license, you must be at least twenty-one years old. To apply for the state’s class two license, you must be at least eighteen years old.
Both licenses do not have a significant difference in the jurisdiction of North Dakota.
However, you can use your class one license to carry your firearm in other states in the country.
Also, there are more testing requirements for a class one license.
No. North Dakota gun statutes do not mention red flag law or the issuance of an extreme risk protection order in the state.
North Dakota issues concealed weapon licenses to residents, military members posted to the state, and non-residents that have a permit from any state that has a reciprocity agreement with North Dakota.
For non-residents' application, the processing of North Dakota concealed weapon licenses is done independently of that of any other state.
Yes, the state permits constitutional carry for residents with a North Dakota driver’s license or any form of identification issued by the transportation department for at least one year.
Yes, you can open carry knives and any other type of weapon in North Dakota, with exceptions to restricted places for firearms
Yes, you can conceal carry knives and every other weapon in the state except when you are in schools, bars, public places, etc.
Yes. North Dakota restricts the possession of the following firearms in the state:
It is a felony act to own, buy, or sell such firearms in North Dakota.
No. You do not need a purchase permit to buy firearms in North Dakota.
Yes. You must undergo the criminal record background check before buying firearms from state and federally licensed dealers
The only exception to this is if you are buying the firearm from a private dealer and if you have any of North Dakota’s concealed weapon licenses.
The license is valid for five years, after which you have to apply for a renewal.
Yes, and No. Yes, if you do not have a concealed weapon license, no, if you have a concealed weapon license.
Yes. North Dakotas is a castle doctrine state, and you do not have any duty to retreat in your home of residence, place of work, private car, or a recreational vehicle.
Yes, you can make use of deadly force during self-defense if, in your opinion, the attack is felony violence, or can lead to severe injury or imminent death.
Yes, to obtain a class one license in North Dakota, you must complete a firearm training and pass an open examination.
For class two licenses, you only need to pass the open test.
Note that firearm training must be a state-approved one.
No, the state gun statute does say anything about the registration of firearms upon purchase.
North Dakota gun laws relating to open carry that you must know before using firearms in the state include the following:
North Dakota preempts gun laws in the state. The state government has the authority to regulate the use of firearms in every part of the state.
This means that state law supersedes all local municipalities or county laws.
It is unlawful to brandish firearms in North Dakota illegally.
Anybody that uses a firearm to harass, annoy, or cause apprehension to another person such that it ensures a fight or violent brawl is guilty of violent conduct.
Also, a person that uses a firearm to cause fear of severe bodily harm to another person is guilty of menacing.
The only exception to this is during self-defense or the legal use of firearms by a law enforcement officer or peace officer in the state.
It is a crime to possess a firearm under the influence of alcohol in North Dakota.
This also includes while under the influence of drugs, any intoxicants or substances controlled by drug enforcement officers.
You can open carry while hunting in North Dakota.
However, during bow hunting in the state, you cannot make use of any other firearm except a licensed handgun.
It is also a prohibition to use the handgun for hunting a game during archery sessions.
North Dakota also has hunter harassment laws to protect hunting activities in the state.
This law includes the following: