Texas is one of the states in the USA that does not allow constitutional carry or permitless carry. It is a shall-issue state, and you can apply for your gun license with the department of public safety.
To purchase firearms like handguns in the state, you need to complete the NICS background check, and this includes buying firearms from private citizens and gun shows in the state.
Open carry of firearms is also not illegal in Texas. But you need to own a Texas License to Carry before you can open carry as a resident. Non-residents that want to open carry in Texas will need a concealed carry permit from any of the states that Texas has reciprocity with.
To open carry in Texas, the gun must be visible on a shoulder strap or a belt holster. The age limit for open carry is 21 years old for ordinary citizens of the USA, and 18 years old for those that are active military members.
Just like open carry you can conceal carry in Texas with either a License to carry for residents and a concealed carry permit for non-residents from reciprocated states.
Nonresidents that are not from states that have reciprocity with Texas can either open or conceal carry applying for the Texas License to carry. Nonresidents who wish to apply for this must be at least 21 years old.
To apply for an LTC in Texas, you have to pass the training course that has a duration of 6 hours. The license will also come with two types of examinations. The first one is a written test, while the next one is a firearm proficiency examination.
In Texas, it is an offense to deliberately carry a weapon in a reckless manner. Also, moving up and down and not carrying the weapon in an appropriate way is deemed unlawful. The only exception to this is if you possess the firearm in your home or on someone's property with the person’s permission.
Since there is no constitutional carry in Texas, you must apply for a license to carry before possessing a firearm. The first process to get a Texas license to carry is by first applying to receive application material from a firearm dealer, the public safety department, or anyone that the department endorses for such.
Upon filling and submitting your application, the department of public safety will then review it. If you meet all requirements provided by the state of Texas for License application and firearm possession, the department will approve it.
After completing a review of your firearm application, the department of public safety will then send back the application to you if you qualify. If you do not qualify for a gun license, the department will send you a note stating the reasons why your application is not successful.
If your application is accepted, the next step is to complete a NICS background check. The check is also conducted by the department of public safety. If you complete the check, the department will issue you a license to carry firearms in Texas. If your check is incomplete, the department will deny your license immediately. NICS background check must be complete within the duration of 60 days after receiving a complete license application.
If a need ever arises for you to change important details on your License to carry, it is important that you notify the state department of safety in not more than one month of the change. Examples of these are name change and address changes.
The expiration of your Texas License to carry is on your first birthday, four years after the day the license was issued to you. Then you will have to renew your license.
When you renew your license, its expiration date will be on your birthday five years after the time you renew the license.
Even though constitutional carry in Texas is unlawful, there are still some places where you cannot possess firearms with your license to carry. They include the following:
Residents of Texas that do not have any law indictment for the purchase of firearms may buy handguns, shotguns, rifles and various types of ammunition from Texas and neighboring states.
However, gun law in Texas prohibits the sales, lending, or renting of a firearm to anybody that will use it illegally.
In the same vein, it is unlawful to sell, lend, or rent out a firearm in Texas to anyone that is not yet eighteen years old, without a written agreement from either his/her guardians or parents. Another prohibition for the sales of firearms in Texas is selling to someone who is under the influence of alcohol, this also includes the sales of ammunition.
Before you can buy firearms in Texas, apply for the state LTC, or open and concealed carry, you must meet the following requirements:
Texas is a preemption gun law state, so local areas and municipalities are allowed to regulate their firearm laws for safety purposes.
However, municipalities cannot make regulations of firearms or ammunition that has to do with possession, sales, transfer, ownership or registrations.
This implies that permitless carry Texas is prohibited in every part of the state.