All About First Focal Plane Scopes
When it comes to scopes, there are two basic types - first focal plane and second focal plane. Let's take a closer look at each. First focal plane is just what it sounds like. It's where all the focus is placed at first and the whole scene is illuminated with the same intensity as the object.
In first focal plane scopes, the reticule is located behind the main scope. Just think about that for a moment. Just like an object and the target, whatever's in front of your main scope will get magnified. Now think about something in the distance. You'll see that the object gets blurred because it's out of focus.
This brings me to the next point - first focal plane scopes use objective or exit pupils. When you look through the objective, all objects are in focus. Second focal plane scopes, on the other hand, use crosshairs or indicators. The crosshairs usually show you the center of the scene and can be adjusted. The indicators, on the other hand, often show you where the reticule ends and the objective begins.
Now that we know what first focal plane scopes have and what they have to offer, it's time to talk about how they work. As stated before, the objective is the center of the scene and with a second focal plane scope, you can increase the magnification. For instance, if you wanted to see the tree in the middle of a forest, you can increase the magnification and be able to see the leaves floating in the air. The more magnification you need, the more expensive it will be but it's well worth it in order to get a better view.
So now we come to my favorite part of this article, the features. The features that are available on the best first focal plane scopes are: durability, reliability and comfort. I'd like to point out one more feature that is not typically found on many scopes, but is actually a requirement for these scopes. The reticle must have a crosshairs design. This is necessary because you can't tell where the crosshairs are by looking through the objective, so you'll need to be able to quickly move your head and the scope will track the crosshairs.
You don't have to worry about the price, because first focal travel happens to be one of the least expensive optics riflescopes on the market today. However, don't be fooled because you don't just get a cheap scope, even if it's the best one available. First focal travel scopes are not over priced. The best prices on the market are found online, and they aren't hard to find.
One last feature that I'd like to discuss is how the power levels on these optics are not so important. Most first focal plane scopes have about two power levels. On some models you can shoot high power, and then you have a lower power level that allows for more target acquisition. On other models you can shoot low power, and then the target has a lower resolution. It really depends on what you need the power levels for.
So, now you know what first focal plane scopes are, and why they're so popular among tactical riflemen. It's good to know about their features, but ultimately, they just need to be adjusted. The reticles should move, and they should be aligned with the crosshairs. The adjustment knobs on these scopes need to be set in the right places to get the most out of your shooting. Just like all other scopes, you just need to take it one step at a time, and practice. As you learn more about tactical rifle scopes, you'll soon realize that the First Focal Plane is the only way to go.