Many hunters and other outdoor recreational users mistake purchasing what they consider to be a quality sniper scope without realizing that the term refers to more than one product. Many scopes are simply one part of a complete system designed to give the best possible shot from a particular firearm. Sniper scopes are often referred to as sub-reflex sights because they use an optical correction to focus the incoming light on entering the eye at an angle and focus that will allow it to be seen clearly. This is done by using an objective lens that has a curved outline.
A telescopic sight, also known as a fixed sniper scope, is an optical aiming device based upon a fixed refracting telescope. It's equipped with some type of reference pattern, which can be moved up and down, left and right, or at an angle. Because the reticle can rotate, it offers an opportunity to adjust elevation and windage for a given target area. Some telescopic sights feature a second objective which can be adjusted for crosshair Aiming and Scoring. They also offer windage options for both up and down adjustments.
Hunting riflescopes are designed to increase accuracy and allow the user to hit a target at longer ranges. Some features associated with hunting scopes include adjustable elevation and windage for both right and left-handed users and mounting options for right- or left-handed users. Some designs also feature a Ballistic Aiming System (BAS), which helps align the user's eye with the scope and helps to maintain consistency with repeated firing. Sniper scopes are often used in military and law enforcement agencies for aiming at short-range targets such as moving targets, animals, and humans. They are also popular among hunters because they increase the user's chances of hitting their targets.
A hunting scope is different from a sniper scope in that it does not have an objective lens. It is generally smaller than its sniper scopes and is usually called a spotting or hunting scope. The reticles of these scopes can be adjusted in diameter and for long-distance shots they might be as small as 10mm. The larger objective lenses of these scopes are often used for hunting purposes because they offer more excellent stability for the user. These scopes can be used at longer ranges because of their strength, but they lack the fast handling capabilities of the sniper scope.
Mil-Dot reticles refer to a mil-dot design on the surface of the scope. This means that each reticle has a diameter equal to the diameter of the cross-hair found on a standard scope, so that a short VA will appear as a larger dot on the scope than a larger one would. Because of this feature, the mil-dot design is ideal for mounting anything from handguns to shotguns. Some scopes also have an additional crosshair mode, which is useful when using a shotgun or hitting an animal from a long distance.
Sniper rifles all differ in the amount of zoom that they offer. Most hunters prefer a more zoomed-in view because it makes the target appear closer and more accessible. Zooming also makes it easier to get a clear shot, and allows the user to eliminate obstacles or people in the scene. Most snipers use rifle scopes with at least ten miles of magnification. For high-powered shots, the closer the scope's adjustment range, the better. In general, the closer the scope can be adjusted, the better the accuracy of the shot.
Among the more popular sniper scopes being purchased today are the red dot varieties, which are popular with many users. With these scopes, the crosshairs show a dot that will point directly at the target. This means that there are fewer moving parts on the scope, making for a faster setup time and reduced weight. These models are commonly used by the military and other hunters who have to contact their targets. Red dot models are also widely used by those who are involved in extreme sports and hunting.
The third scope on the list is the Viper PST Gen II, another widespread rifle scope. The Viper PST features an Aiming Reticle that is larger than its counterpart on the Vx-3i Lrp model. This larger reticle offers hunters a much clearer target image and is designed to work well with any particular type of firearm. For example, those using long-range rifles will find that the smaller reticles on the vipers do not work as well as the Aiming reticles on the heavier sniper rifles. It can also take some practice to zero in your new sniper scope, but it will be worth the effort once you see the clear targeting zone.